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Welcome to the Department of Modelling and Information Processing of
the Institute of Technology of Metals of
the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus


The Laboratory is an organized research unit founded in 1971 that serves as a focus for broad fundamental and applied research in the following directions:


The objectives of the Laboratory are:
  • Formulation and execution of research programs
  • Training of Ph.D. students
  • Collaboration with related academic and industrial institutes
  • Acquisition of research funds
Keywords of Laboratory research: Muller matrix, nondepolarizing optical systems, polarization, characterictic equation, independent elements; corner cube retroreflector, Fraunhofer diffraction, polarization, polarisation; image restoration, unblurring, multiframe image processing, image reconstruction, non-linear method of image restoration, regularisation of the Fredholm integral equation of the first kind; modulation transfer function (MTF), focal plane arrays (FPA), charge coupled devices (CCD, CID, CMOS), image quality assessment, mean squared error of restoration; non-spherical scattering particles, equation of the radiation transfer, multiple scattering; small angle approximation, iteration method, radiative transfer, scattering, three-dimensional inhomogeneous media, intensity, stochastic transfer theory; stochastic transfer, small angle approximation, intensity, laser beam, scattering, binary Markovian mixture, optical transfer function. Keywords: Muller matrix, nondepolarizing optical systems, polarization, characterictic equation, independent elements; corner cube retroreflector, Fraunhofer diffraction, polarization, polarisation; image restoration, unblurring, multiframe image processing, image reconstruction, non-linear method of image restoration, regularisation of the Fredholm integral equation of the first kind; modulation transfer function (MTF), focal plane arrays (FPA), charge coupled devices (CCD, CID, CMOS), image quality assessment, mean squared error of restoration; non-spherical scattering particles, equation of the radiation transfer, multiple scattering; small angle approximation, iteration method, radiative transfer, scattering, three-dimensional inhomogeneous media, intensity, stochastic transfer theory; stochastic transfer, small angle approximation, intensity, laser beam, scattering, binary Markovian mixture, optical transfer function. Keywords: Muller matrix, nondepolarizing optical systems, polarization, characterictic equation, independent elements; corner cube retroreflector, Fraunhofer diffraction, polarization, polarisation; image restoration, unblurring, multiframe image processing, image reconstruction, non-linear method of image restoration, regularisation of the Fredholm integral equation of the first kind; modulation transfer function (MTF), focal plane arrays (FPA), charge coupled devices (CCD, CID, CMOS), image quality assessment, mean squared error of restoration; non-spherical scattering particles, equation of the radiation transfer, multiple scattering; small angle approximation, iteration method, radiative transfer, scattering, three-dimensional inhomogeneous media, intensity, stochastic transfer theory; stochastic transfer, small angle approximation, intensity, laser beam, scattering, binary Markovian mixture, optical transfer function. Keywords: Muller matrix, nondepolarizing optical systems, polarization, characterictic equation, independent elements; corner cube retroreflector, Fraunhofer diffraction, polarization, polarisation; image restoration, unblurring, multiframe image processing, image reconstruction, non-linear method of image restoration, regularisation of the Fredholm integral equation of the first kind; modulation transfer function (MTF), focal plane arrays (FPA), charge coupled devices (CCD, CID, CMOS), image quality assessment, mean squared error of restoration; non-spherical scattering particles, equation of the radiation transfer, multiple scattering; small angle approximation, iteration method, radiative transfer, scattering, three-dimensional inhomogeneous media, intensity, stochastic transfer theory; stochastic transfer, small angle approximation, intensity, laser beam, scattering, binary Markovian mixture, optical transfer function. Keywords of Laboratory research: Muller matrix, nondepolarizing optical systems, polarization, characterictic equation, independent elements; corner cube retroreflector, Fraunhofer diffraction, polarization, polarisation; image restoration, unblurring, multiframe image processing, image reconstruction, non-linear method of image restoration, regularisation of the Fredholm integral equation of the first kind; modulation transfer function (MTF), focal plane arrays (FPA), charge coupled devices (CCD, CID, CMOS), image quality assessment, mean squared error of restoration; non-spherical scattering particles, equation of the radiation transfer, multiple scattering; small angle approximation, iteration method, radiative transfer, scattering, three-dimensional inhomogeneous media, intensity, stochastic transfer theory; stochastic transfer, small angle approximation, intensity, laser beam, scattering, binary Markovian mixture, optical transfer function. Keywords: Muller matrix, nondepolarizing optical systems, polarization, characterictic equation, independent elements; corner cube retroreflector, Fraunhofer diffraction, polarization, polarisation; image restoration, unblurring, multiframe image processing, image reconstruction, non-linear method of image restoration, regularisation of the Fredholm integral equation of the first kind; modulation transfer function (MTF), focal plane arrays (FPA), charge coupled devices (CCD, CID, CMOS), image quality assessment, mean squared error of restoration; non-spherical scattering particles, equation of the radiation transfer, multiple scattering; small angle approximation, iteration method, radiative transfer, scattering, three-dimensional inhomogeneous media, intensity, stochastic transfer theory; stochastic transfer, small angle approximation, intensity, laser beam, scattering, binary Markovian mixture, optical transfer function. Keywords: Muller matrix, nondepolarizing optical systems, polarization, characterictic equation, independent elements; corner cube retroreflector, Fraunhofer diffraction, polarization, polarisation; image restoration, unblurring, multiframe image processing, image reconstruction, non-linear method of image restoration, regularisation of the Fredholm integral equation of the first kind; modulation transfer function (MTF), focal plane arrays (FPA), charge coupled devices (CCD, CID, CMOS), image quality assessment, mean squared error of restoration; non-spherical scattering particles, equation of the radiation transfer, multiple scattering; small angle approximation, iteration method, radiative transfer, scattering, three-dimensional inhomogeneous media, intensity, stochastic transfer theory; stochastic transfer, small angle approximation, intensity, laser beam, scattering, binary Markovian mixture, optical transfer function. Keywords: Muller matrix, nondepolarizing optical systems, polarization, characterictic equation, independent elements; corner cube retroreflector, Fraunhofer diffraction, polarization, polarisation; image restoration, unblurring, multiframe image processing, image reconstruction, non-linear method of image restoration, regularisation of the Fredholm integral equation of the first kind; modulation transfer function (MTF), focal plane arrays (FPA), charge coupled devices (CCD, CID, CMOS), image quality assessment, mean squared error of restoration; non-spherical scattering particles, equation of the radiation transfer, multiple scattering; small angle approximation, iteration method, radiative transfer, scattering, three-dimensional inhomogeneous media, intensity, stochastic transfer theory; stochastic transfer, small angle approximation, intensity, laser beam, scattering, binary Markovian mixture, optical transfer function. Keywords of Laboratory research: Muller matrix, nondepolarizing optical systems, polarization, characterictic equation, independent elements; corner cube retroreflector, Fraunhofer diffraction, polarization, polarisation; image restoration, unblurring, multiframe image processing, image reconstruction, non-linear method of image restoration, regularisation of the Fredholm integral equation of the first kind; modulation transfer function (MTF), focal plane arrays (FPA), charge coupled devices (CCD, CID, CMOS), image quality assessment, mean squared error of restoration; non-spherical scattering particles, equation of the radiation transfer, multiple scattering; small angle approximation, iteration method, radiative transfer, scattering, three-dimensional inhomogeneous media, intensity, stochastic transfer theory; stochastic transfer, small angle approximation, intensity, laser beam, scattering, binary Markovian mixture, optical transfer function. Keywords: Muller matrix, nondepolarizing optical systems, polarization, characterictic equation, independent elements; corner cube retroreflector, Fraunhofer diffraction, polarization, polarisation; image restoration, unblurring, multiframe image processing, image reconstruction, non-linear method of image restoration, regularisation of the Fredholm integral equation of the first kind; modulation transfer function (MTF), focal plane arrays (FPA), charge coupled devices (CCD, CID, CMOS), image quality assessment, mean squared error of restoration; non-spherical scattering particles, equation of the radiation transfer, multiple scattering; small angle approximation, iteration method, radiative transfer, scattering, three-dimensional inhomogeneous media, intensity, stochastic transfer theory; stochastic transfer, small angle approximation, intensity, laser beam, scattering, binary Markovian mixture, optical transfer function. Keywords: Muller matrix, nondepolarizing optical systems, polarization, characterictic equation, independent elements; corner cube retroreflector, Fraunhofer diffraction, polarization, polarisation; image restoration, unblurring, multiframe image processing, image reconstruction, non-linear method of image restoration, regularisation of the Fredholm integral equation of the first kind; modulation transfer function (MTF), focal plane arrays (FPA), charge coupled devices (CCD, CID, CMOS), image quality assessment, mean squared error of restoration; non-spherical scattering particles, equation of the radiation transfer, multiple scattering; small angle approximation, iteration method, radiative transfer, scattering, three-dimensional inhomogeneous media, intensity, stochastic transfer theory; stochastic transfer, small angle approximation, intensity, laser beam, scattering, binary Markovian mixture, optical transfer function. Keywords: Muller matrix, nondepolarizing optical systems, polarization, characterictic equation, independent elements; corner cube retroreflector, Fraunhofer diffraction, polarization, polarisation; image restoration, unblurring, multiframe image processing, image reconstruction, non-linear method of image restoration, regularisation of the Fredholm integral equation of the first kind; modulation transfer function (MTF), focal plane arrays (FPA), charge coupled devices (CCD, CID, CMOS), image quality assessment, mean squared error of restoration; non-spherical scattering particles, equation of the radiation transfer, multiple scattering; small angle approximation, iteration method, radiative transfer, scattering, three-dimensional inhomogeneous media, intensity, stochastic transfer theory; stochastic transfer, small angle approximation, intensity, laser beam, scattering, binary Markovian mixture, optical transfer function. Ключевые слова: матрица Мюллера, недеполяризующая оптическая система, поляризация, характеристическое уравнение, независимые элементы, уголковый отражатель, дифракция Фраунгофера, поляризация; восстановление изображения, интегральное уравнение Фредгольма первого рода, линейные и нелинейные методы восстановления изображения; функция передачи модуляции (ФПМ), матричный фотоприемник, приборы с зарядовой связью (ПЗС), оценка качества изображающих систем; мало угловое приближение, метод итераций, радиационный перенос, рассеяние, трехмерно-неоднородная среда, яркость, стохастическая теория переноса; стохастический перенос, малоугловое приближение, лазерный луч, рассеяние, интенсивность, бинарная Марковская смесь, оптическая передаточная функция; несферические ориентированные рассеивающие частицы, многократное рассеяние, уравнение переноса излучения, функция рассеяния точки (ФРТ). Keywords of Laboratory research: Muller matrix, nondepolarizing optical systems, polarization, characterictic equation, independent elements; corner cube retroreflector, Fraunhofer diffraction, polarization, polarisation; image restoration, unblurring, multiframe image processing, image reconstruction, non-linear method of image restoration, regularisation of the Fredholm integral equation of the first kind; modulation transfer function (MTF), focal plane arrays (FPA), charge coupled devices (CCD, CID, CMOS), image quality assessment, mean squared error of restoration; non-spherical scattering particles, equation of the radiation transfer, multiple scattering; small angle approximation, iteration method, radiative transfer, scattering, three-dimensional inhomogeneous media, intensity, stochastic transfer theory; stochastic transfer, small angle approximation, intensity, laser beam, scattering, binary Markovian mixture, optical transfer function. Keywords: Muller matrix, nondepolarizing optical systems, polarization, characterictic equation, independent elements; corner cube retroreflector, Fraunhofer diffraction, polarization, polarisation; image restoration, unblurring, multiframe image processing, image reconstruction, non-linear method of image restoration, regularisation of the Fredholm integral equation of the first kind; modulation transfer function (MTF), focal plane arrays (FPA), charge coupled devices (CCD, CID, CMOS), image quality assessment, mean squared error of restoration; non-spherical scattering particles, equation of the radiation transfer, multiple scattering; small angle approximation, iteration method, radiative transfer, scattering, three-dimensional inhomogeneous media, intensity, stochastic transfer theory; stochastic transfer, small angle approximation, intensity, laser beam, scattering, binary Markovian mixture, optical transfer function. Keywords: Muller matrix, nondepolarizing optical systems, polarization, characterictic equation, independent elements; corner cube retroreflector, Fraunhofer diffraction, polarization, polarisation; image restoration, unblurring, multiframe image processing, image reconstruction, non-linear method of image restoration, regularisation of the Fredholm integral equation of the first kind; modulation transfer function (MTF), focal plane arrays (FPA), charge coupled devices (CCD, CID, CMOS), image quality assessment, mean squared error of restoration; non-spherical scattering particles, equation of the radiation transfer, multiple scattering; small angle approximation, iteration method, radiative transfer, scattering, three-dimensional inhomogeneous media, intensity, stochastic transfer theory; stochastic transfer, small angle approximation, intensity, laser beam, scattering, binary Markovian mixture, optical transfer function. Keywords: Muller matrix, nondepolarizing optical systems, polarization, characterictic equation, independent elements; corner cube retroreflector, Fraunhofer diffraction, polarization, polarisation; image restoration, unblurring, multiframe image processing, image reconstruction, non-linear method of image restoration, regularisation of the Fredholm integral equation of the first kind; modulation transfer function (MTF), focal plane arrays (FPA), charge coupled devices (CCD, CID, CMOS), image quality assessment, mean squared error of restoration; non-spherical scattering particles, equation of the radiation transfer, multiple scattering; small angle approximation, iteration method, radiative transfer, scattering, three-dimensional inhomogeneous media, intensity, stochastic transfer theory; stochastic transfer, small angle approximation, intensity, laser beam, scattering, binary Markovian mixture, optical transfer function. Keywords: Muller matrix, nondepolarizing optical systems, polarization, characterictic equation, independent elements; corner cube retroreflector, Fraunhofer diffraction, polarization, polarisation; image restoration, unblurring, multiframe image processing, image reconstruction, non-linear method of image restoration, regularisation of the Fredholm integral equation of the first kind; modulation transfer function (MTF), focal plane arrays (FPA), charge coupled devices (CCD, CID, CMOS), image quality assessment, mean squared error of restoration; non-spherical scattering particles, equation of the radiation transfer, multiple scattering; small angle approximation, iteration method, radiative transfer, scattering, three-dimensional inhomogeneous media, intensity, stochastic transfer theory; stochastic transfer, small angle approximation, intensity, laser beam, scattering, binary Markovian mixture, optical transfer function. Keywords: Muller matrix, nondepolarizing optical systems, polarization, characterictic equation, independent elements; corner cube retroreflector, Fraunhofer diffraction, polarization, polarisation; image restoration, unblurring, multiframe image processing, image reconstruction, non-linear method of image restoration, regularisation of the Fredholm integral equation of the first kind; modulation transfer function (MTF), focal plane arrays (FPA), charge coupled devices (CCD, CID, CMOS), image quality assessment, mean squared error of restoration; non-spherical scattering particles, equation of the radiation transfer, multiple scattering; small angle approximation, iteration method, radiative transfer, scattering, three-dimensional inhomogeneous media, intensity, stochastic transfer theory; stochastic transfer, small angle approximation, intensity, laser beam, scattering, binary Markovian mixture, optical transfer function. Keywords: Muller matrix, nondepolarizing optical systems, polarization, characterictic equation, independent elements; corner cube retroreflector, Fraunhofer diffraction, polarization, polarisation; image restoration, unblurring, multiframe image processing, image reconstruction, non-linear method of image restoration, regularisation of the Fredholm integral equation of the first kind; modulation transfer function (MTF), focal plane arrays (FPA), charge coupled devices (CCD, CID, CMOS), image quality assessment, mean squared error of restoration; non-spherical scattering particles, equation of the radiation transfer, multiple scattering; small angle approximation, iteration method, radiative transfer, scattering, three-dimensional inhomogeneous media, intensity, stochastic transfer theory; stochastic transfer, small angle approximation, intensity, laser beam, scattering, binary Markovian mixture, optical transfer function. Keywords of Laboratory research: Muller matrix, nondepolarizing optical systems, polarization, characterictic equation, independent elements; corner cube retroreflector, Fraunhofer diffraction, polarization, polarisation; image restoration, unblurring, multiframe image processing, image reconstruction, non-linear method of image restoration, regularisation of the Fredholm integral equation of the first kind; modulation transfer function (MTF), focal plane arrays (FPA), charge coupled devices (CCD, CID, CMOS), image quality assessment, mean squared error of restoration; non-spherical scattering particles, equation of the radiation transfer, multiple scattering; small angle approximation, iteration method, radiative transfer, scattering, three-dimensional inhomogeneous media, intensity, stochastic transfer theory; stochastic transfer, small angle approximation, intensity, laser beam, scattering, binary Markovian mixture, optical transfer function. Keywords: Muller matrix, nondepolarizing optical systems, polarization, characterictic equation, independent elements; corner cube retroreflector, Fraunhofer diffraction, polarization, polarisation; image restoration, unblurring, multiframe image processing, image reconstruction, non-linear method of image restoration, regularisation of the Fredholm integral equation of the first kind; modulation transfer function (MTF), focal plane arrays (FPA), charge coupled devices (CCD, CID, CMOS), image quality assessment, mean squared error of restoration; non-spherical scattering particles, equation of the radiation transfer, multiple scattering; small angle approximation, iteration method, radiative transfer, scattering, three-dimensional inhomogeneous media, intensity, stochastic transfer theory; stochastic transfer, small angle approximation, intensity, laser beam, scattering, binary Markovian mixture, optical transfer function. Keywords: Muller matrix, nondepolarizing optical systems, polarization, characterictic equation, independent elements; corner cube retroreflector, Fraunhofer diffraction, polarization, polarisation; image restoration, unblurring, multiframe image processing, image reconstruction, non-linear method of image restoration, regularisation of the Fredholm integral equation of the first kind; modulation transfer function (MTF), focal plane arrays (FPA), charge coupled devices (CCD, CID, CMOS), image quality assessment, mean squared error of restoration; non-spherical scattering particles, equation of the radiation transfer, multiple scattering; small angle approximation, iteration method, radiative transfer, scattering, three-dimensional inhomogeneous media, intensity, stochastic transfer theory; stochastic transfer, small angle approximation, intensity, laser beam, scattering, binary Markovian mixture, optical transfer function. Keywords: Muller matrix, nondepolarizing optical systems, polarization, characterictic equation, independent elements; corner cube retroreflector, Fraunhofer diffraction, polarization, polarisation; image restoration, unblurring, multiframe image processing, image reconstruction, non-linear method of image restoration, regularisation of the Fredholm integral equation of the first kind; modulation transfer function (MTF), focal plane arrays (FPA), charge coupled devices (CCD, CID, CMOS), image quality assessment, mean squared error of restoration; non-spherical scattering particles, equation of the radiation transfer, multiple scattering; small angle approximation, iteration method, radiative transfer, scattering, three-dimensional inhomogeneous media, intensity, stochastic transfer theory; stochastic transfer, small angle approximation, intensity, laser beam, scattering, binary Markovian mixture, optical transfer function. Keywords: Muller matrix, nondepolarizing optical systems, polarization, characterictic equation, independent elements; corner cube retroreflector, Fraunhofer diffraction, polarization, polarisation; image restoration, unblurring, multiframe image processing, image reconstruction, non-linear method of image restoration, regularisation of the Fredholm integral equation of the first kind; modulation transfer function (MTF), focal plane arrays (FPA), charge coupled devices (CCD, CID, CMOS), image quality assessment, mean squared error of restoration; non-spherical scattering particles, equation of the radiation transfer, multiple scattering; small angle approximation, iteration method, radiative transfer, scattering, three-dimensional inhomogeneous media, intensity, stochastic transfer theory; stochastic transfer, small angle approximation, intensity, laser beam, scattering, binary Markovian mixture, optical transfer function. Keywords: Muller matrix, nondepolarizing optical systems, polarization, characterictic equation, independent elements; corner cube retroreflector, Fraunhofer diffraction, polarization, polarisation; image restoration, unblurring, multiframe image processing, image reconstruction, non-linear method of image restoration, regularisation of the Fredholm integral equation of the first kind; modulation transfer function (MTF), focal plane arrays (FPA), charge coupled devices (CCD, CID, CMOS), image quality assessment, mean squared error of restoration; non-spherical scattering particles, equation of the radiation transfer, multiple scattering; small angle approximation, iteration method, radiative transfer, scattering, three-dimensional inhomogeneous media, intensity, stochastic transfer theory; stochastic transfer, small angle approximation, intensity, laser beam, scattering, binary Markovian mixture, optical transfer function. Keywords: Muller matrix, nondepolarizing optical systems, polarization, characterictic equation, independent elements; corner cube retroreflector, Fraunhofer diffraction, polarization, polarisation; image restoration, unblurring, multiframe image processing, image reconstruction, non-linear method of image restoration, regularisation of the Fredholm integral equation of the first kind; modulation transfer function (MTF), focal plane arrays (FPA), charge coupled devices (CCD, CID, CMOS), image quality assessment, mean squared error of restoration; non-spherical scattering particles, equation of the radiation transfer, multiple scattering; small angle approximation, iteration method, radiative transfer, scattering, three-dimensional inhomogeneous media, intensity, stochastic transfer theory; stochastic transfer, small angle approximation, intensity, laser beam, scattering, binary Markovian mixture, optical transfer function. Keywords of Laboratory research: Muller matrix, nondepolarizing optical systems, polarization, characterictic equation, independent elements; corner cube retroreflector, Fraunhofer diffraction, polarization, polarisation; image restoration, unblurring, multiframe image processing, image reconstruction, non-linear method of image restoration, regularisation of the Fredholm integral equation of the first kind; modulation transfer function (MTF), focal plane arrays (FPA), charge coupled devices (CCD, CID, CMOS), image quality assessment, mean squared error of restoration; non-spherical scattering particles, equation of the radiation transfer, multiple scattering; small angle approximation, iteration method, radiative transfer, scattering, three-dimensional inhomogeneous media, intensity, stochastic transfer theory; stochastic transfer, small angle approximation, intensity, laser beam, scattering, binary Markovian mixture, optical transfer function. Keywords: Muller matrix, nondepolarizing optical systems, polarization, characterictic equation, independent elements; corner cube retroreflector, Fraunhofer diffraction, polarization, polarisation; image restoration, unblurring, multiframe image processing, image reconstruction, non-linear method of image restoration, regularisation of the Fredholm integral equation of the first kind; modulation transfer function (MTF), focal plane arrays (FPA), charge coupled devices (CCD, CID, CMOS), image quality assessment, mean squared error of restoration; non-spherical scattering particles, equation of the radiation transfer, multiple scattering; small angle approximation, iteration method, radiative transfer, scattering, three-dimensional inhomogeneous media, intensity, stochastic transfer theory; stochastic transfer, small angle approximation, intensity, laser beam, scattering, binary Markovian mixture, optical transfer function. Keywords: Muller matrix, nondepolarizing optical systems, polarization, characterictic equation, independent elements; corner cube retroreflector, Fraunhofer diffraction, polarization, polarisation; image restoration, unblurring, multiframe image processing, image reconstruction, non-linear method of image restoration, regularisation of the Fredholm integral equation of the first kind; modulation transfer function (MTF), focal plane arrays (FPA), charge coupled devices (CCD, CID, CMOS), image quality assessment, mean squared error of restoration; non-spherical scattering particles, equation of the radiation transfer, multiple scattering; small angle approximation, iteration method, radiative transfer, scattering, three-dimensional inhomogeneous media, intensity, stochastic transfer theory; stochastic transfer, small angle approximation, intensity, laser beam, scattering, binary Markovian mixture, optical transfer function. Keywords: Muller matrix, nondepolarizing optical systems, polarization, characterictic equation, independent elements; corner cube retroreflector, Fraunhofer diffraction, polarization, polarisation; image restoration, unblurring, multiframe image processing, image reconstruction, non-linear method of image restoration, regularisation of the Fredholm integral equation of the first kind; modulation transfer function (MTF), focal plane arrays (FPA), charge coupled devices (CCD, CID, CMOS), image quality assessment, mean squared error of restoration; non-spherical scattering particles, equation of the radiation transfer, multiple scattering; small angle approximation, iteration method, radiative transfer, scattering, three-dimensional inhomogeneous media, intensity, stochastic transfer theory; stochastic transfer, small angle approximation, intensity, laser beam, scattering, binary Markovian mixture, optical transfer function. Keywords: Muller matrix, nondepolarizing optical systems, polarization, characterictic equation, independent elements; corner cube retroreflector, Fraunhofer diffraction, polarization, polarisation; image restoration, unblurring, multiframe image processing, image reconstruction, non-linear method of image restoration, regularisation of the Fredholm integral equation of the first kind; modulation transfer function (MTF), focal plane arrays (FPA), charge coupled devices (CCD, CID, CMOS), image quality assessment, mean squared error of restoration; non-spherical scattering particles, equation of the radiation transfer, multiple scattering; small angle approximation, iteration method, radiative transfer, scattering, three-dimensional inhomogeneous media, intensity, stochastic transfer theory; stochastic transfer, small angle approximation, intensity, laser beam, scattering, binary Markovian mixture, optical transfer function. Keywords: Muller matrix, nondepolarizing optical systems, polarization, characterictic equation, independent elements; corner cube retroreflector, Fraunhofer diffraction, polarization, polarisation; image restoration, unblurring, multiframe image processing, image reconstruction, non-linear method of image restoration, regularisation of the Fredholm integral equation of the first kind; modulation transfer function (MTF), focal plane arrays (FPA), charge coupled devices (CCD, CID, CMOS), image quality assessment, mean squared error of restoration; non-spherical scattering particles, equation of the radiation transfer, multiple scattering; small angle approximation, iteration method, radiative transfer, scattering, three-dimensional inhomogeneous media, intensity, stochastic transfer theory; stochastic transfer, small angle approximation, intensity, laser beam, scattering, binary Markovian mixture, optical transfer function. Keywords of Laboratory research: Muller matrix, nondepolarizing optical systems, polarization, characterictic equation, independent elements; corner cube retroreflector, Fraunhofer diffraction, polarization, polarisation; image restoration, unblurring, multiframe image processing, image reconstruction, non-linear method of image restoration, regularisation of the Fredholm integral equation of the first kind; modulation transfer function (MTF), focal plane arrays (FPA), charge coupled devices (CCD, CID, CMOS), image quality assessment, mean squared error of restoration; non-spherical scattering particles, equation of the radiation transfer, multiple scattering; small angle approximation, iteration method, radiative transfer, scattering, three-dimensional inhomogeneous media, intensity, stochastic transfer theory; stochastic transfer, small angle approximation, intensity, laser beam, scattering, binary Markovian mixture, optical transfer function. Keywords: Muller matrix, nondepolarizing optical systems, polarization, characterictic equation, independent elements; corner cube retroreflector, Fraunhofer diffraction, polarization, polarisation; image restoration, unblurring, multiframe image processing, image reconstruction, non-linear method of image restoration, regularisation of the Fredholm integral equation of the first kind; modulation transfer function (MTF), focal plane arrays (FPA), charge coupled devices (CCD, CID, CMOS), image quality assessment, mean squared error of restoration; non-spherical scattering particles, equation of the radiation transfer, multiple scattering; small angle approximation, iteration method, radiative transfer, scattering, three-dimensional inhomogeneous media, intensity, stochastic transfer theory; stochastic transfer, small angle approximation, intensity, laser beam, scattering, binary Markovian mixture, optical transfer function. Keywords: Muller matrix, nondepolarizing optical systems, polarization, characterictic equation, independent elements; corner cube retroreflector, Fraunhofer diffraction, polarization, polarisation; image restoration, unblurring, multiframe image processing, image reconstruction, non-linear method of image restoration, regularisation of the Fredholm integral equation of the first kind; modulation transfer function (MTF), focal plane arrays (FPA), charge coupled devices (CCD, CID, CMOS), image quality assessment, mean squared error of restoration; non-spherical scattering particles, equation of the radiation transfer, multiple scattering; small angle approximation, iteration method, radiative transfer, scattering, three-dimensional inhomogeneous media, intensity, stochastic transfer theory; stochastic transfer, small angle approximation, intensity, laser beam, scattering, binary Markovian mixture, optical transfer function. Keywords: Muller matrix, nondepolarizing optical systems, polarization, characterictic equation, independent elements; corner cube retroreflector, Fraunhofer diffraction, polarization, polarisation; image restoration, unblurring, multiframe image processing, image reconstruction, non-linear method of image restoration, regularisation of the Fredholm integral equation of the first kind; modulation transfer function (MTF), focal plane arrays (FPA), charge coupled devices (CCD, CID, CMOS), image quality assessment, mean squared error of restoration; non-spherical scattering particles, equation of the radiation transfer, multiple scattering; small angle approximation, iteration method, radiative transfer, scattering, three-dimensional inhomogeneous media, intensity, stochastic transfer theory; stochastic transfer, small angle approximation, intensity, laser beam, scattering, binary Markovian mixture, optical transfer function. Keywords: Muller matrix, nondepolarizing optical systems, polarization, characterictic equation, independent elements; corner cube retroreflector, Fraunhofer diffraction, polarization, polarisation; image restoration, unblurring, multiframe image processing, image reconstruction, non-linear method of image restoration, regularisation of the Fredholm integral equation of the first kind; modulation transfer function (MTF), focal plane arrays (FPA), charge coupled devices (CCD, CID, CMOS), image quality assessment, mean squared error of restoration; non-spherical scattering particles, equation of the radiation transfer, multiple scattering; small angle approximation, iteration method, radiative transfer, scattering, three-dimensional inhomogeneous media, intensity, stochastic transfer theory; stochastic transfer, small angle approximation, intensity, laser beam, scattering, binary Markovian mixture, optical transfer function. Keywords: Muller matrix, nondepolarizing optical systems, polarization, characterictic equation, independent elements; corner cube retroreflector, Fraunhofer diffraction, polarization, polarisation; image restoration, unblurring, multiframe image processing, image reconstruction, non-linear method of image restoration, regularisation of the Fredholm integral equation of the first kind; modulation transfer function (MTF), focal plane arrays (FPA), charge coupled devices (CCD, CID, CMOS), image quality assessment, mean squared error of restoration; non-spherical scattering particles, equation of the radiation transfer, multiple scattering; small angle approximation, iteration method, radiative transfer, scattering, three-dimensional inhomogeneous media, intensity, stochastic transfer theory; stochastic transfer, small angle approximation, intensity, laser beam, scattering, binary Markovian mixture, optical transfer function. Keywords: Muller matrix, nondepolarizing optical systems, polarization, characterictic equation, independent elements; corner cube retroreflector, Fraunhofer diffraction, polarization, polarisation; image restoration, unblurring, multiframe image processing, image reconstruction, non-linear method of image restoration, regularisation of the Fredholm integral equation of the first kind; modulation transfer function (MTF), focal plane arrays (FPA), charge coupled devices (CCD, CID, CMOS), image quality assessment, mean squared error of restoration; non-spherical scattering particles, equation of the radiation transfer, multiple scattering; small angle approximation, iteration method, radiative transfer, scattering, three-dimensional inhomogeneous media, intensity, stochastic transfer theory; stochastic transfer, small angle approximation, intensity, laser beam, scattering, binary Markovian mixture, optical transfer function. Keywords of Laboratory research: Muller matrix, nondepolarizing optical systems, polarization, characterictic equation, independent elements; corner cube retroreflector, Fraunhofer diffraction, polarization, polarisation; image restoration, unblurring, multiframe image processing, image reconstruction, non-linear method of image restoration, regularisation of the Fredholm integral equation of the first kind; modulation transfer function (MTF), focal plane arrays (FPA), charge coupled devices (CCD, CID, CMOS), image quality assessment, mean squared error of restoration; non-spherical scattering particles, equation of the radiation transfer, multiple scattering; small angle approximation, iteration method, radiative transfer, scattering, three-dimensional inhomogeneous media, intensity, stochastic transfer theory; stochastic transfer, small angle approximation, intensity, laser beam, scattering, binary Markovian mixture, optical transfer function. Keywords: Muller matrix, nondepolarizing optical systems, polarization, characterictic equation, independent elements; corner cube retroreflector, Fraunhofer diffraction, polarization, polarisation; image restoration, unblurring, multiframe image processing, image reconstruction, non-linear method of image restoration, regularisation of the Fredholm integral equation of the first kind; modulation transfer function (MTF), focal plane arrays (FPA), charge coupled devices (CCD, CID, CMOS), image quality assessment, mean squared error of restoration; non-spherical scattering particles, equation of the radiation transfer, multiple scattering; small angle approximation, iteration method, radiative transfer, scattering, three-dimensional inhomogeneous media, intensity, stochastic transfer theory; stochastic transfer, small angle approximation, intensity, laser beam, scattering, binary Markovian mixture, optical transfer function. Keywords: Muller matrix, nondepolarizing optical systems, polarization, characterictic equation, independent elements; corner cube retroreflector, Fraunhofer diffraction, polarization, polarisation; image restoration, unblurring, multiframe image processing, image reconstruction, non-linear method of image restoration, regularisation of the Fredholm integral equation of the first kind; modulation transfer function (MTF), focal plane arrays (FPA), charge coupled devices (CCD, CID, CMOS), image quality assessment, mean squared error of restoration; non-spherical scattering particles, equation of the radiation transfer, multiple scattering; small angle approximation, iteration method, radiative transfer, scattering, three-dimensional inhomogeneous media, intensity, stochastic transfer theory; stochastic transfer, small angle approximation, intensity, laser beam, scattering, binary Markovian mixture, optical transfer function. Keywords: Muller matrix, nondepolarizing optical systems, polarization, characterictic equation, independent elements; corner cube retroreflector, Fraunhofer diffraction, polarization, polarisation; image restoration, unblurring, multiframe image processing, image reconstruction, non-linear method of image restoration, regularisation of the Fredholm integral equation of the first kind; modulation transfer function (MTF), focal plane arrays (FPA), charge coupled devices (CCD, CID, CMOS), image quality assessment, mean squared error of restoration; non-spherical scattering particles, equation of the radiation transfer, multiple scattering; small angle approximation, iteration method, radiative transfer, scattering, three-dimensional inhomogeneous media, intensity, stochastic transfer theory; stochastic transfer, small angle approximation, intensity, laser beam, scattering, binary Markovian mixture, optical transfer function. Keywords: Muller matrix, nondepolarizing optical systems, polarization, characterictic equation, independent elements; corner cube retroreflector, Fraunhofer diffraction, polarization, polarisation; image restoration, unblurring, multiframe image processing, image reconstruction, non-linear method of image restoration, regularisation of the Fredholm integral equation of the first kind; modulation transfer function (MTF), focal plane arrays (FPA), charge coupled devices (CCD, CID, CMOS), image quality assessment, mean squared error of restoration; non-spherical scattering particles, equation of the radiation transfer, multiple scattering; small angle approximation, iteration method, radiative transfer, scattering, three-dimensional inhomogeneous media, intensity, stochastic transfer theory; stochastic transfer, small angle approximation, intensity, laser beam, scattering, binary Markovian mixture, optical transfer function. Keywords: Muller matrix, nondepolarizing optical systems, polarization, characterictic equation, independent elements; corner cube retroreflector, Fraunhofer diffraction, polarization, polarisation; image restoration, unblurring, multiframe image processing, image reconstruction, non-linear method of image restoration, regularisation of the Fredholm integral equation of the first kind; modulation transfer function (MTF), focal plane arrays (FPA), charge coupled devices (CCD, CID, CMOS), image quality assessment, mean squared error of restoration; non-spherical scattering particles, equation of the radiation transfer, multiple scattering; small angle approximation, iteration method, radiative transfer, scattering, three-dimensional inhomogeneous media, intensity, stochastic transfer theory; stochastic transfer, small angle approximation, intensity, laser beam, scattering, binary Markovian mixture, optical transfer function. Keywords: Muller matrix, nondepolarizing optical systems, polarization, characterictic equation, independent elements; corner cube retroreflector, Fraunhofer diffraction, polarization, polarisation; image restoration, unblurring, multiframe image processing, image reconstruction, non-linear method of image restoration, regularisation of the Fredholm integral equation of the first kind; modulation transfer function (MTF), focal plane arrays (FPA), charge coupled devices (CCD, CID, CMOS), image quality assessment, mean squared error of restoration; non-spherical scattering particles, equation of the radiation transfer, multiple scattering; small angle approximation, iteration method, radiative transfer, scattering, three-dimensional inhomogeneous media, intensity, stochastic transfer theory; stochastic transfer, small angle approximation, intensity, laser beam, scattering, binary Markovian mixture, optical transfer function. Keywords of Laboratory research: Muller matrix, nondepolarizing optical systems, polarization, characterictic equation, independent elements; corner cube retroreflector, Fraunhofer diffraction, polarization, polarisation; image restoration, unblurring, multiframe image processing, image reconstruction, non-linear method of image restoration, regularisation of the Fredholm integral equation of the first kind; modulation transfer function (MTF), focal plane arrays (FPA), charge coupled devices (CCD, CID, CMOS), image quality assessment, mean squared error of restoration; non-spherical scattering particles, equation of the radiation transfer, multiple scattering; small angle approximation, iteration method, radiative transfer, scattering, three-dimensional inhomogeneous media, intensity, stochastic transfer theory; stochastic transfer, small angle approximation, intensity, laser beam, scattering, binary Markovian mixture, optical transfer function. Keywords: Muller matrix, nondepolarizing optical systems, polarization, characterictic equation, independent elements; corner cube retroreflector, Fraunhofer diffraction, polarization, polarisation; image restoration, unblurring, multiframe image processing, image reconstruction, non-linear method of image restoration, regularisation of the Fredholm integral equation of the first kind; modulation transfer function (MTF), focal plane arrays (FPA), charge coupled devices (CCD, CID, CMOS), image quality assessment, mean squared error of restoration; non-spherical scattering particles, equation of the radiation transfer, multiple scattering; small angle approximation, iteration method, radiative transfer, scattering, three-dimensional inhomogeneous media, intensity, stochastic transfer theory; stochastic transfer, small angle approximation, intensity, laser beam, scattering, binary Markovian mixture, optical transfer function. Keywords: Muller matrix, nondepolarizing optical systems, polarization, characterictic equation, independent elements; corner cube retroreflector, Fraunhofer diffraction, polarization, polarisation; image restoration, unblurring, multiframe image processing, image reconstruction, non-linear method of image restoration, regularisation of the Fredholm integral equation of the first kind; modulation transfer function (MTF), focal plane arrays (FPA), charge coupled devices (CCD, CID, CMOS), image quality assessment, mean squared error of restoration; non-spherical scattering particles, equation of the radiation transfer, multiple scattering; small angle approximation, iteration method, radiative transfer, scattering, three-dimensional inhomogeneous media, intensity, stochastic transfer theory; stochastic transfer, small angle approximation, intensity, laser beam, scattering, binary Markovian mixture, optical transfer function. Keywords: Muller matrix, nondepolarizing optical systems, polarization, characterictic equation, independent elements; corner cube retroreflector, Fraunhofer diffraction, polarization, polarisation; image restoration, unblurring, multiframe image processing, image reconstruction, non-linear method of image restoration, regularisation of the Fredholm integral equation of the first kind; modulation transfer function (MTF), focal plane arrays (FPA), charge coupled devices (CCD, CID, CMOS), image quality assessment, mean squared error of restoration; non-spherical scattering particles, equation of the radiation transfer, multiple scattering; small angle approximation, iteration method, radiative transfer, scattering, three-dimensional inhomogeneous media, intensity, stochastic transfer theory; stochastic transfer, small angle approximation, intensity, laser beam, scattering, binary Markovian mixture, optical transfer function. Keywords: Muller matrix, nondepolarizing optical systems, polarization, characterictic equation, independent elements; corner cube retroreflector, Fraunhofer diffraction, polarization, polarisation; image restoration, unblurring, multiframe image processing, image reconstruction, non-linear method of image restoration, regularisation of the Fredholm integral equation of the first kind; modulation transfer function (MTF), focal plane arrays (FPA), charge coupled devices (CCD, CID, CMOS), image quality assessment, mean squared error of restoration; non-spherical scattering particles, equation of the radiation transfer, multiple scattering; small angle approximation, iteration method, radiative transfer, scattering, three-dimensional inhomogeneous media, intensity, stochastic transfer theory; stochastic transfer, small angle approximation, intensity, laser beam, scattering, binary Markovian mixture, optical transfer function. Keywords: Muller matrix, nondepolarizing optical systems, polarization, characterictic equation, independent elements; corner cube retroreflector, Fraunhofer diffraction, polarization, polarisation; image restoration, unblurring, multiframe image processing, image reconstruction, non-linear method of image restoration, regularisation of the Fredholm integral equation of the first kind; modulation transfer function (MTF), focal plane arrays (FPA), charge coupled devices (CCD, CID, CMOS), image quality assessment, mean squared error of restoration; non-spherical scattering particles, equation of the radiation transfer, multiple scattering; small angle approximation, iteration method, radiative transfer, scattering, three-dimensional inhomogeneous media, intensity, stochastic transfer theory; stochastic transfer, small angle approximation, intensity, laser beam, scattering, binary Markovian mixture, optical transfer function. Keywords: Muller matrix, nondepolarizing optical systems, polarization, characterictic equation, independent elements; corner cube retroreflector, Fraunhofer diffraction, polarization, polarisation; image restoration, unblurring, multiframe image processing, image reconstruction, non-linear method of image restoration, regularisation of the Fredholm integral equation of the first kind; modulation transfer function (MTF), focal plane arrays (FPA), charge coupled devices (CCD, CID, CMOS), image quality assessment, mean squared error of restoration; non-spherical scattering particles, equation of the radiation transfer, multiple scattering; small angle approximation, iteration method, radiative transfer, scattering, three-dimensional inhomogeneous media, intensity, stochastic transfer theory; stochastic transfer, small angle approximation, intensity, laser beam, scattering, binary Markovian mixture, optical transfer function. Keywords of Laboratory research: Muller matrix, nondepolarizing optical systems, polarization, characterictic equation, independent elements; corner cube retroreflector, Fraunhofer diffraction, polarization, polarisation; image restoration, unblurring, multiframe image processing, image reconstruction, non-linear method of image restoration, regularisation of the Fredholm integral equation of the first kind; modulation transfer function (MTF), focal plane arrays (FPA), charge coupled devices (CCD, CID, CMOS), image quality assessment, mean squared error of restoration; non-spherical scattering particles, equation of the radiation transfer, multiple scattering; small angle approximation, iteration method, radiative transfer, scattering, three-dimensional inhomogeneous media, intensity, stochastic transfer theory; stochastic transfer, small angle approximation, intensity, laser beam, scattering, binary Markovian mixture, optical transfer function. Keywords: Muller matrix, nondepolarizing optical systems, polarization, characterictic equation, independent elements; corner cube retroreflector, Fraunhofer diffraction, polarization, polarisation; image restoration, unblurring, multiframe image processing, image reconstruction, non-linear method of image restoration, regularisation of the Fredholm integral equation of the first kind; modulation transfer function (MTF), focal plane arrays (FPA), charge coupled devices (CCD, CID, CMOS), image quality assessment, mean squared error of restoration; non-spherical scattering particles, equation of the radiation transfer, multiple scattering; small angle approximation, iteration method, radiative transfer, scattering, three-dimensional inhomogeneous media, intensity, stochastic transfer theory; stochastic transfer, small angle approximation, intensity, laser beam, scattering, binary Markovian mixture, optical transfer function. Keywords: Muller matrix, nondepolarizing optical systems, polarization, characterictic equation, independent elements; corner cube retroreflector, Fraunhofer diffraction, polarization, polarisation; image restoration, unblurring, multiframe image processing, image reconstruction, non-linear method of image restoration, regularisation of the Fredholm integral equation of the first kind; modulation transfer function (MTF), focal plane arrays (FPA), charge coupled devices (CCD, CID, CMOS), image quality assessment, mean squared error of restoration; non-spherical scattering particles, equation of the radiation transfer, multiple scattering; small angle approximation, iteration method, radiative transfer, scattering, three-dimensional inhomogeneous media, intensity, stochastic transfer theory; stochastic transfer, small angle approximation, intensity, laser beam, scattering, binary Markovian mixture, optical transfer function. Keywords: Muller matrix, nondepolarizing optical systems, polarization, characterictic equation, independent elements; corner cube retroreflector, Fraunhofer diffraction, polarization, polarisation; image restoration, unblurring, multiframe image processing, image reconstruction, non-linear method of image restoration, regularisation of the Fredholm integral equation of the first kind; modulation transfer function (MTF), focal plane arrays (FPA), charge coupled devices (CCD, CID, CMOS), image quality assessment, mean squared error of restoration; non-spherical scattering particles, equation of the radiation transfer, multiple scattering; small angle approximation, iteration method, radiative transfer, scattering, three-dimensional inhomogeneous media, intensity, stochastic transfer theory; stochastic transfer, small angle approximation, intensity, laser beam, scattering, binary Markovian mixture, optical transfer function. Ключевые слова: матрица Мюллера, недеполяризующая оптическая система, поляризация, характеристическое уравнение, независимые элементы, уголковый отражатель, дифракция Фраунгофера, поляризация; восстановление изображения, интегральное уравнение Фредгольма первого рода, линейные и нелинейные методы восстановления изображения; функция передачи модуляции (ФПМ), матричный фотоприемник, приборы с зарядовой связью (ПЗС), оценка качества изображающих систем; мало угловое приближение, метод итераций, радиационный перенос, рассеяние, трехмерно-неоднородная среда, яркость, стохастическая теория переноса; стохастический перенос, малоугловое приближение, лазерный луч, рассеяние, интенсивность, бинарная Марковская смесь, оптическая передаточная функция; несферические ориентированные рассеивающие частицы, многократное рассеяние, уравнение переноса излучения, функция рассеяния точки (ФРТ).а Keywords: Muller matrix, nondepolarizing optical systems, polarization, characterictic equation, independent elements; corner cube retroreflector, Fraunhofer diffraction, polarization, polarisation; image restoration, unblurring, multiframe image processing, image reconstruction, non-linear method of image restoration, regularisation of the Fredholm integral equation of the first kind; modulation transfer function (MTF), focal plane arrays (FPA), charge coupled devices (CCD, CID, CMOS), image quality assessment, mean squared error of restoration; non-spherical scattering particles, equation of the radiation transfer, multiple scattering; small angle approximation, iteration method, radiative transfer, scattering, three-dimensional inhomogeneous media, intensity, stochastic transfer theory; stochastic transfer, small angle approximation, intensity, laser beam, scattering, binary Markovian mixture, optical transfer function. Keywords: Muller matrix, nondepolarizing optical systems, polarization, characterictic equation, independent elements; corner cube retroreflector, Fraunhofer diffraction, polarization, polarisation; image restoration, unblurring, multiframe image processing, image reconstruction, non-linear method of image restoration, regularisation of the Fredholm integral equation of the first kind; modulation transfer function (MTF), focal plane arrays (FPA), charge coupled devices (CCD, CID, CMOS), image quality assessment, mean squared error of restoration; non-spherical scattering particles, equation of the radiation transfer, multiple scattering; small angle approximation, iteration method, radiative transfer, scattering, three-dimensional inhomogeneous media, intensity, stochastic transfer theory; stochastic transfer, small angle approximation, intensity, laser beam, scattering, binary Markovian mixture, optical transfer function. Keywords: Muller matrix, nondepolarizing optical systems, polarization, characterictic equation, independent elements; corner cube retroreflector, Fraunhofer diffraction, polarization, polarisation; image restoration, unblurring, multiframe image processing, image reconstruction, non-linear method of image restoration, regularisation of the Fredholm integral equation of the first kind; modulation transfer function (MTF), focal plane arrays (FPA), charge coupled devices (CCD, CID, CMOS), image quality assessment, mean squared error of restoration; non-spherical scattering particles, equation of the radiation transfer, multiple scattering; small angle approximation, iteration method, radiative transfer, scattering, three-dimensional inhomogeneous media, intensity, stochastic transfer theory; stochastic transfer, small angle approximation, intensity, laser beam, scattering, binary Markovian mixture, optical transfer function. Keywords of Laboratory research: Muller matrix, nondepolarizing optical systems, polarization, characterictic equation, independent elements; corner cube retroreflector, Fraunhofer diffraction, polarization, polarisation; image restoration, unblurring, multiframe image processing, image reconstruction, non-linear method of image restoration, regularisation of the Fredholm integral equation of the first kind; modulation transfer function (MTF), focal plane arrays (FPA), charge coupled devices (CCD, CID, CMOS), image quality assessment, mean squared error of restoration; non-spherical scattering particles, equation of the radiation transfer, multiple scattering; small angle approximation, iteration method, radiative transfer, scattering, three-dimensional inhomogeneous media, intensity, stochastic transfer theory; stochastic transfer, small angle approximation, intensity, laser beam, scattering, binary Markovian mixture, optical transfer function. Keywords: Muller matrix, nondepolarizing optical systems, polarization, characterictic equation, independent elements; corner cube retroreflector, Fraunhofer diffraction, polarization, polarisation; image restoration, unblurring, multiframe image processing, image reconstruction, non-linear method of image restoration, regularisation of the Fredholm integral equation of the first kind; modulation transfer function (MTF), focal plane arrays (FPA), charge coupled devices (CCD, CID, CMOS), image quality assessment, mean squared error of restoration; non-spherical scattering particles, equation of the radiation transfer, multiple scattering; small angle approximation, iteration method, radiative transfer, scattering, three-dimensional inhomogeneous media, intensity, stochastic transfer theory; stochastic transfer, small angle approximation, intensity, laser beam, scattering, binary Markovian mixture, optical transfer function. Keywords: Muller matrix, nondepolarizing optical systems, polarization, characterictic equation, independent elements; corner cube retroreflector, Fraunhofer diffraction, polarization, polarisation; image restoration, unblurring, multiframe image processing, image reconstruction, non-linear method of image restoration, regularisation of the Fredholm integral equation of the first kind; modulation transfer function (MTF), focal plane arrays (FPA), charge coupled devices (CCD, CID, CMOS), image quality assessment, mean squared error of restoration; non-spherical scattering particles, equation of the radiation transfer, multiple scattering; small angle approximation, iteration method, radiative transfer, scattering, three-dimensional inhomogeneous media, intensity, stochastic transfer theory; stochastic transfer, small angle approximation, intensity, laser beam, scattering, binary Markovian mixture, optical transfer function. Keywords: Muller matrix, nondepolarizing optical systems, polarization, characterictic equation, independent elements; corner cube retroreflector, Fraunhofer diffraction, polarization, polarisation; image restoration, unblurring, multiframe image processing, image reconstruction, non-linear method of image restoration, regularisation of the Fredholm integral equation of the first kind; modulation transfer function (MTF), focal plane arrays (FPA), charge coupled devices (CCD, CID, CMOS), image quality assessment, mean squared error of restoration; non-spherical scattering particles, equation of the radiation transfer, multiple scattering; small angle approximation, iteration method, radiative transfer, scattering, three-dimensional inhomogeneous media, intensity, stochastic transfer theory; stochastic transfer, small angle approximation, intensity, laser beam, scattering, binary Markovian mixture, optical transfer function. Keywords: Muller matrix, nondepolarizing optical systems, polarization, characterictic equation, independent elements; corner cube retroreflector, Fraunhofer diffraction, polarization, polarisation; image restoration, unblurring, multiframe image processing, image reconstruction, non-linear method of image restoration, regularisation of the Fredholm integral equation of the first kind; modulation transfer function (MTF), focal plane arrays (FPA), charge coupled devices (CCD, CID, CMOS), image quality assessment, mean squared error of restoration; non-spherical scattering particles, equation of the radiation transfer, multiple scattering; small angle approximation, iteration method, radiative transfer, scattering, three-dimensional inhomogeneous media, intensity, stochastic transfer theory; stochastic transfer, small angle approximation, intensity, laser beam, scattering, binary Markovian mixture, optical transfer function. Keywords: Muller matrix, nondepolarizing optical systems, polarization, characterictic equation, independent elements; corner cube retroreflector, Fraunhofer diffraction, polarization, polarisation; image restoration, unblurring, multiframe image processing, image reconstruction, non-linear method of image restoration, regularisation of the Fredholm integral equation of the first kind; modulation transfer function (MTF), focal plane arrays (FPA), charge coupled devices (CCD, CID, CMOS), image quality assessment, mean squared error of restoration; non-spherical scattering particles, equation of the radiation transfer, multiple scattering; small angle approximation, iteration method, radiative transfer, scattering, three-dimensional inhomogeneous media, intensity, stochastic transfer theory; stochastic transfer, small angle approximation, intensity, laser beam, scattering, binary Markovian mixture, optical transfer function. Keywords: Muller matrix, nondepolarizing optical systems, polarization, characterictic equation, independent elements; corner cube retroreflector, Fraunhofer diffraction, polarization, polarisation; image restoration, unblurring, multiframe image processing, image reconstruction, non-linear method of image restoration, regularisation of the Fredholm integral equation of the first kind; modulation transfer function (MTF), focal plane arrays (FPA), charge coupled devices (CCD, CID, CMOS), image quality assessment, mean squared error of restoration; non-spherical scattering particles, equation of the radiation transfer, multiple scattering; small angle approximation, iteration method, radiative transfer, scattering, three-dimensional inhomogeneous media, intensity, stochastic transfer theory; stochastic transfer, small angle approximation, intensity, laser beam, scattering, binary Markovian mixture, optical transfer function. Keywords of Laboratory research: Muller matrix, nondepolarizing optical systems, polarization, characterictic equation, independent elements; corner cube retroreflector, Fraunhofer diffraction, polarization, polarisation; image restoration, unblurring, multiframe image processing, image reconstruction, non-linear method of image restoration, regularisation of the Fredholm integral equation of the first kind; modulation transfer function (MTF), focal plane arrays (FPA), charge coupled devices (CCD, CID, CMOS), image quality assessment, mean squared error of restoration; non-spherical scattering particles, equation of the radiation transfer, multiple scattering; small angle approximation, iteration method, radiative transfer, scattering, three-dimensional inhomogeneous media, intensity, stochastic transfer theory; stochastic transfer, small angle approximation, intensity, laser beam, scattering, binary Markovian mixture, optical transfer function. Keywords: Muller matrix, nondepolarizing optical systems, polarization, characterictic equation, independent elements; corner cube retroreflector, Fraunhofer diffraction, polarization, polarisation; image restoration, unblurring, multiframe image processing, image reconstruction, non-linear method of image restoration, regularisation of the Fredholm integral equation of the first kind; modulation transfer function (MTF), focal plane arrays (FPA), charge coupled devices (CCD, CID, CMOS), image quality assessment, mean squared error of restoration; non-spherical scattering particles, equation of the radiation transfer, multiple scattering; small angle approximation, iteration method, radiative transfer, scattering, three-dimensional inhomogeneous media, intensity, stochastic transfer theory; stochastic transfer, small angle approximation, intensity, laser beam, scattering, binary Markovian mixture, optical transfer function. Keywords: Muller matrix, nondepolarizing optical systems, polarization, characterictic equation, independent elements; corner cube retroreflector, Fraunhofer diffraction, polarization, polarisation; image restoration, unblurring, multiframe image processing, image reconstruction, non-linear method of image restoration, regularisation of the Fredholm integral equation of the first kind; modulation transfer function (MTF), focal plane arrays (FPA), charge coupled devices (CCD, CID, CMOS), image quality assessment, mean squared error of restoration; non-spherical scattering particles, equation of the radiation transfer, multiple scattering; small angle approximation, iteration method, radiative transfer, scattering, three-dimensional inhomogeneous media, intensity, stochastic transfer theory; stochastic transfer, small angle approximation, intensity, laser beam, scattering, binary Markovian mixture, optical transfer function. Keywords: Muller matrix, nondepolarizing optical systems, polarization, characterictic equation, independent elements; corner cube retroreflector, Fraunhofer diffraction, polarization, polarisation; image restoration, unblurring, multiframe image processing, image reconstruction, non-linear method of image restoration, regularisation of the Fredholm integral equation of the first kind; modulation transfer function (MTF), focal plane arrays (FPA), charge coupled devices (CCD, CID, CMOS), image quality assessment, mean squared error of restoration; non-spherical scattering particles, equation of the radiation transfer, multiple scattering; small angle approximation, iteration method, radiative transfer, scattering, three-dimensional inhomogeneous media, intensity, stochastic transfer theory; stochastic transfer, small angle approximation, intensity, laser beam, scattering, binary Markovian mixture, optical transfer function. Keywords: Muller matrix, nondepolarizing optical systems, polarization, characterictic equation, independent elements; corner cube retroreflector, Fraunhofer diffraction, polarization, polarisation; image restoration, unblurring, multiframe image processing, image reconstruction, non-linear method of image restoration, regularisation of the Fredholm integral equation of the first kind; modulation transfer function (MTF), focal plane arrays (FPA), charge coupled devices (CCD, CID, CMOS), image quality assessment, mean squared error of restoration; non-spherical scattering particles, equation of the radiation transfer, multiple scattering; small angle approximation, iteration method, radiative transfer, scattering, three-dimensional inhomogeneous media, intensity, stochastic transfer theory; stochastic transfer, small angle approximation, intensity, laser beam, scattering, binary Markovian mixture, optical transfer function. Keywords: Muller matrix, nondepolarizing optical systems, polarization, characterictic equation, independent elements; corner cube retroreflector, Fraunhofer diffraction, polarization, polarisation; image restoration, unblurring, multiframe image processing, image reconstruction, non-linear method of image restoration, regularisation of the Fredholm integral equation of the first kind; modulation transfer function (MTF), focal plane arrays (FPA), charge coupled devices (CCD, CID, CMOS), image quality assessment, mean squared error of restoration; non-spherical scattering particles, equation of the radiation transfer, multiple scattering; small angle approximation, iteration method, radiative transfer, scattering, three-dimensional inhomogeneous media, intensity, stochastic transfer theory; stochastic transfer, small angle approximation, intensity, laser beam, scattering, binary Markovian mixture, optical transfer function. Keywords: Muller matrix, nondepolarizing optical systems, polarization, characterictic equation, independent elements; corner cube retroreflector, Fraunhofer diffraction, polarization, polarisation; image restoration, unblurring, multiframe image processing, image reconstruction, non-linear method of image restoration, regularisation of the Fredholm integral equation of the first kind; modulation transfer function (MTF), focal plane arrays (FPA), charge coupled devices (CCD, CID, CMOS), image quality assessment, mean squared error of restoration; non-spherical scattering particles, equation of the radiation transfer, multiple scattering; small angle approximation, iteration method, radiative transfer, scattering, three-dimensional inhomogeneous media, intensity, stochastic transfer theory; stochastic transfer, small angle approximation, intensity, laser beam, scattering, binary Markovian mixture, optical transfer function. Keywords of Laboratory research: Muller matrix, nondepolarizing optical systems, polarization, characterictic equation, independent elements; corner cube retroreflector, Fraunhofer diffraction, polarization, polarisation; image restoration, unblurring, multiframe image processing, image reconstruction, non-linear method of image restoration, regularisation of the Fredholm integral equation of the first kind; modulation transfer function (MTF), focal plane arrays (FPA), charge coupled devices (CCD, CID, CMOS), image quality assessment, mean squared error of restoration; non-spherical scattering particles, equation of the radiation transfer, multiple scattering; small angle approximation, iteration method, radiative transfer, scattering, three-dimensional inhomogeneous media, intensity, stochastic transfer theory; stochastic transfer, small angle approximation, intensity, laser beam, scattering, binary Markovian mixture, optical transfer function. Keywords: Muller matrix, nondepolarizing optical systems, polarization, characterictic equation, independent elements; corner cube retroreflector, Fraunhofer diffraction, polarization, polarisation; image restoration, unblurring, multiframe image processing, image reconstruction, non-linear method of image restoration, regularisation of the Fredholm integral equation of the first kind; modulation transfer function (MTF), focal plane arrays (FPA), charge coupled devices (CCD, CID, CMOS), image quality assessment, mean squared error of restoration; non-spherical scattering particles, equation of the radiation transfer, multiple scattering; small angle approximation, iteration method, radiative transfer, scattering, three-dimensional inhomogeneous media, intensity, stochastic transfer theory; stochastic transfer, small angle approximation, intensity, laser beam, scattering, binary Markovian mixture, optical transfer function. Keywords: Muller matrix, nondepolarizing optical systems, polarization, characterictic equation, independent elements; corner cube retroreflector, Fraunhofer diffraction, polarization, polarisation; image restoration, unblurring, multiframe image processing, image reconstruction, non-linear method of image restoration, regularisation of the Fredholm integral equation of the first kind; modulation transfer function (MTF), focal plane arrays (FPA), charge coupled devices (CCD, CID, CMOS), image quality assessment, mean squared error of restoration; non-spherical scattering particles, equation of the radiation transfer, multiple scattering; small angle approximation, iteration method, radiative transfer, scattering, three-dimensional inhomogeneous media, intensity, stochastic transfer theory; stochastic transfer, small angle approximation, intensity, laser beam, scattering, binary Markovian mixture, optical transfer function. Keywords: Muller matrix, nondepolarizing optical systems, polarization, characterictic equation, independent elements; corner cube retroreflector, Fraunhofer diffraction, polarization, polarisation; image restoration, unblurring, multiframe image processing, image reconstruction, non-linear method of image restoration, regularisation of the Fredholm integral equation of the first kind; modulation transfer function (MTF), focal plane arrays (FPA), charge coupled devices (CCD, CID, CMOS), image quality assessment, mean squared error of restoration; non-spherical scattering particles, equation of the radiation transfer, multiple scattering; small angle approximation, iteration method, radiative transfer, scattering, three-dimensional inhomogeneous media, intensity, stochastic transfer theory; stochastic transfer, small angle approximation, intensity, laser beam, scattering, binary Markovian mixture, optical transfer function.
Copyright 2003 "losi", Comment: zakharov@ieee.org